The Kuria are an ethnic and linguistic group resident in the Tarime,Musoma,Bunda and Serengeti districts of the Mara region in Northern Tanzania, and the west and east districts of Nyanza Province in southwest Kenya. In 2006 the Kuria population was estimated to number 609,000, with 435,000 living in Tanzania and 174,000 in Kenya.
The Kuria people are mainly agriculturalists and pastoralists,
with the Kenyan Kurians leaning towards agriculture and the Tanzanian
Kurians more towards pastoralism. The Kurians in the Serengeti district
are distinctly pastoralist.
The Kuria are closely related to the Kisii people of Kenya both in language and physique. They are said
to have been one people until a vicious attack by the Maasai in the
early 19th century scattered both populations in different directions.
This apartness has led to the formation of distinct dialects which are
clearly understood by both peoples. The Kuria people are divided into
about 16 "subtribes" or clans, namely: Nyabasi, Bakira, Bairege, Bagumbe
(who reside in both Kenyan and Tanzanian districts), Batimbaru,
Banyamongo, Bakenye, Baikoma, Bamerani, as well as several others. All
this subtribes or clans are present in the kisii tribe of Kenya.
The Kuria tribe is also related to the Zanaki tribe of the Mara Province in Tanzania. They share some cultural aspects.
One of the most famous Kurias is Shadrack Manga,
a former Member of parliament.Sammy Masaana Marwa(Sammy Sundays) is
another famous Kurian who is also the first Kurian to win a green card
through the normal green card lottery and immigrated to the USA,this man
comes from Chinato Division,Tebesi sublocation,Nyabosongo village.
The Kuria people have various customs. Some of the
include circumcision for both sexes. Traditionally circumcision was done
at the age around 13 years, just when puberty begaun. To this date,
various organisations are working to ensure the tradition of female
genital mutilation is abotted. Also due to increased spread of HIV/AIDS
during circumcision rituals due to the use of the same tools, many
families are opting to take their children to hospitals and the
traditional cutters have now opted to use individual razers for each
person during circumcision. After the cut, the boys or girls that have
undergone the practice are normally led back home by fellow villagers
amidst singing and dancing and money is pinned on to their 'shukas'. The
shukas are one piece coloured sheets that the circumcised tie around
themselves so as to let the blood drip freely to the ground. Once
circumcision has taken place, according to tradition, the boy or girl is
deemed ready for marriage.
Kuria common girl names include - Robi, Gati, Boke, Nchagwa, Nyangi,
Weigesa, Mbosiro. Kuria common boys names include - Wambura, Gati,
Chacha, Marwa, Mwita, Matiko, Meremo, Makena, Kiribo.
Kuria are from the Bantu Language group in Kenya. They are
traditionally farmers, mainly planting maize, beans and Cassava as food
crops. For cash crops, the Kuria community mainly grows tobacco due to
the near location of the BAT tobacco company. They are also cattle
herders and have gotten into some scrupples with the neighbouring
tribes, mainly the maasai, over cattle rustling.